The cervix is an essential part of a woman’s reproductive system. It represents the opening between the uterus and vagina and plays a vital role in both reproduction and menstrual health.
Cervical cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in women and can be a very serious disease. However, cervical cancer is also one of the most preventable cancers. There are several things women can do to reduce their risk of developing cervical cancer.
Read the article and find out what you can do for cervical health.
What you can do for cervical health
There are several things you can do for cervical health, including:
- Perform regular Pap tests. Pap tests can detect changes in the cervix that can lead to cancer.
- The HPV vaccine. The HPV vaccine protects against the types of HPV that most often cause cervical cancer.
- Use the condom. Condoms can help protect against HPV.
- Quit smoking. Women who smoke are more likely to develop cervical cancer.
By understanding your cervix and taking steps to protect it, you can stay healthy and reduce your risk of developing cervical cancer.
The cervix is a very sensitive area and can easily become infected. It is important to maintain good hygiene around the cervix to prevent infections. Actions you can take or watch out for include:
- Wiping from front to back after using the toilet. This helps prevent bacteria from the anus from entering the vagina and cervix.
- Avoid vaginal douches. Douching can remove healthy bacteria from the vagina, which can lead to infections.
- Wear cotton underwear. Cotton underwear allows air to circulate around the vagina, which helps prevent moisture build-up that can lead to infections.
- Avoid tight clothing. Tight clothing can trap moisture and bacteria on the skin, which can lead to infection.
- Avoiding sexual activity if there are signs of infection
- Using condoms during sexual activity
By maintaining good hygiene and making healthy lifestyle choices, you can help keep your cervix healthy and reduce your risk of cervical cancer.
What is cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is a cancer that starts in the cervix. Cervical cancer usually occurs in women over the age of 30. It is one of the most common types of cancer in women worldwide.
Risk factors for cervical cancer include:
- HPV infection
- Long-term use of oral contraceptives
Symptoms of cervical cancer include:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Pelvic pains
- Pain during sex
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Bleeding after menopause
What happens when the doctor examines the cervix?
When the doctor examines the cervix, he will look for any abnormal changes. They may also perform a Pap smear or an HPV test to check for signs of cancer.
Pap test: A Pap test is a way to collect cells from the cervix to check for signs of cancer.
HPV test: An HPV test looks for the presence of the human papillomavirus (HPV), which can cause cervical cancer
If your doctor notices abnormal changes in your cervix, he or she may recommend additional tests or treatment. Treatment for cervical cancer may include surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.
To protect your cervix, get regular Pap smears, opt for HPV vaccines, use condoms, quit smoking and maintain good hygiene. It is important to see your doctor if you notice any changes in your cervix, such as bleeding, discharge or pain. These could be signs of an infection or other problem in the cervix.